Informace o publikaci

Assessment of Hepatotoxic Potential of Cyanobacterial Toxins Using 3D In Vitro Model of Adult Human Liver Stem Cells

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BASU Amrita DYDOWICZOVÁ Aneta ČTVERÁČKOVÁ Lucie JAŠA Libor TROSKO James E. BLÁHA Luděk BABICA Pavel

Rok publikování 2018
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
www https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.est.8b02291
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.8b02291
Klíčová slova PRIMARY RAT HEPATOCYTES; HUMAN HEPATOMA-CELLS; MICROCYSTIN-LR; ALKALOID CYLINDROSPERMOPSIN; 1ST IDENTIFICATION; OXIDATIVE STRESS; SOUTHWEST CHINA; GENE-EXPRESSION; HL7702 CELLS; CYTOTOXICITY
Popis Cyanotoxins microcystin-LR (MC-LR) and cylindrospermopsin (CYN) represent hazardous waterborne contaminants and potent human hepatotoxins. However, in vitro monolayer cultures of hepatic cell lines were found to recapitulate, poorly, major hepatocyte-specific functions and inadequately predict hepatotoxic effects of MC-LR and CYN. We utilized 3-dimensional (3D), scaffold-free spheroid cultures of human telomerase-immortalized adult liver stem cells HL1-hT1 to evaluate hepatotoxic potential of MC-LR and CYN. In monolayer cultures of HL1-hT1 cells, MC-LR did not induce cytotoxic effects (EC50 > 10 micromol/L), while CYN inhibited cell growth and viability (48h-96h EC50 approximate to 5.5-0.6 micromol/L). Growth and viability of small growing spheroids were inhibited by both cyanotoxins (>= 0.1 micromol/L) and were associated with blebbing and disintegration at the spheroid surface. Hepatospheroid damage and viability reduction were observed also in large mature spheroids, with viability 96h-EC50 values being 0.04 micromol/L for MC-LR and 0.1 micromol/L for CYN, and No Observed Effect Concentrations <0.01 micromol/L. Spheroid cultures of adult human liver stem cells HL1-hT1 exhibit sensitivity comparable to cultures of primary hepatocytes and provide a simple, practical, and cost-effective tool, which can be effectively used in environmental and toxicological research, including assessment of hepatotoxic potential and effect-based monitoring of various samples contaminated with toxic cyanobacteria.
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