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Resazurin assay for assessment of antimicrobial properties of electrospun nanofiber filtration membranes

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TRÁVNÍČKOVÁ Eva MIKULA Přemysl OPRSAL J. BOHACOVA M. KUBAC L. KIMMER D. SOUKUPOVA J. BITTNER Michal

Rok publikování 2019
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj AMB EXPRESS
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
www https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186%2Fs13568-019-0909-z
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13568-019-0909-z
Klíčová slova Resazurin; Antimicrobial activity; Electrospun nanofiber filtration membranes; Silver nanoparticles; Quaternary ammonium salts
Popis We developed a simple and fast microplate assay for evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of electrospun nanofiber filtration membranes or similar porous materials for water treatment technologies. Resazurin (alamarBlue (R)) was used as an indicator of the amount of viable experimental microorganisms Gram-negative Escherichia coli, Gram-positive Enterococcus faecalis, and natural wastewater treatment plant effluent bacteria. A bacterial inoculum of concentration 1-3 x 10(5) CFU mL(-1) was pipetted onto the surface of assessed both functionalized and respective control membranes and incubated in 12-well plates for 4 h at 37 degrees C. Kinetics of resazurin metabolization, i.e. its reduction to fluorescent resorufin, was evaluated fluorimetrically (lambda(ex)520/lambda(em)590 nm). A number of viable bacteria on the membranes expressed as CFU mL(-1) was calculated from the kinetic curves by using calibration curves that were constructed for both experimental bacterial species. Antimicrobial activities of the membranes were evaluated by either resazurin assay or modified ISO 20743 plate count assay. Results of both assays showed the significant antimicrobial activity of membranes functionalized with silver nanoparticles for both bacterial species and wastewater treatment plant effluent bacteria as well (log CFU reduction compared to control membrane > 4), while membranes containing specific quaternary ammonium salts were inefficient (log CFU reduction < 1). The suitability of resazurin microplate assay for testing nanofiber filtration membranes and analogous matrices has proven to be a faster and less demanding alternative to the traditionally used approach providing comparable results.
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