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Tracing the Neolithic transition through the first pottery (NeoPot)

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TÓTH Peter PETŘÍK Jan PETR Libor SLAVÍČEK Karel ADAMEKOVÁ Katarína POKUTTA Dalia BICKLE Penny

Rok publikování 2020
Druh Konferenční abstrakty
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Filozofická fakulta

Citace
Popis In this paper, we will use the most common archaeological find – pottery – to reveal new perspectives of the spread of farming in the Pannonian region. How did pottery appear in this area? Was it moved by people or was it a local innovation, learnt from farming cultures to the south? The NeoPot project is applying ground­breaking analytical methods through four inter­related research objectives: a high-­resolution mathematical model of radio­carbon chronology, cooking practices (such as the first appearance of dairy products), technological traditions, as well as provenance patterns of the pottery. In this paper, we will focus on presenting a method of treating the samples for 14C dating, which produced highly precise absolute data. Preliminary re­sults show the earliest pottery appeared in SW Slovakia in 5700–5500 BC, which corresponds with the formative phase of the LBK in Transdanubia (Szentgyörgyvölgy­Pittyerdomb) and Lower Austria (Brunn am Gebirge). Preliminary results of the ceramic technology of the earliest pottery show the use of organic temper such as grass. This work is supported by Grant Agency of the Czech Republic under the contract No. GA20­19542S.
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