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The Cost of Suburbanisation: Spending on Environmental Protection

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Název česky Náklady suburbanizace: Výdaje na ochranu životního prostředí
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PAŘIL Vilém ONDRŮŠKOVÁ Barbora KRAJÍČKOVÁ Aneta ZELENÁKOVÁ Petra

Rok publikování 2021
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj European Planning Studies
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Ekonomicko-správní fakulta

Citace
www European Planning Studies
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09654313.2021.2002270
Klíčová slova suburbanisation; costs; municipal expenditure; environmental protection
Popis The subject of this paper is an analysis of the cost of suburbanisation based on municipal expenditure on the protection of the environment in the Czech Republic. The goal is to assess disparities between different municipalities and evaluate the relevance of these differences to suburbs in comparison to other areas. The analysis is based on a methodological framework of CEPA environmental expenditure corresponding with the Czech public-sector budget financial structure. This study has three essential areas for Czech municipal expenses: water protection (with emphasis on wastewater treatment plant and infrastructure), waste management and biodiversity and landscape protection corresponding with public municipal greenery. We used the Ministry of Finance´ State Treasury Monitor dataset, providing significantly detailed and precise data on municipal expenses for all 6,255 municipalities in 2010–2015 and compared relevant expenses in the Czech Republic’s OECD metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas. The results show that municipalities with the most outstanding water protection expenses per capita are exposed to a suburbanisation burden and are situated in neighbourhoods of Czech metropolitan centres. Disparities between municipalities clearly show that water protection costs per capita in less populous municipalities are three times those in bigger towns. The reason lies in the enormous fixed costs of building and operating the required environmental infrastructure. On the other hand, the most extraordinary spending on maintaining public greenery was found in the metropolitan cores, showing that there is greater demand for public greenery where there is no open countryside. Regarding waste management, there is no apparent relationship with localisation in suburban areas.
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