Informace o publikaci

Nutrient-gene interactions in diabetes - advanced glycation end products (AGEs)

Logo poskytovatele

KAŇKOVÁ Kateřina

Rok publikování 2007
Druh Konferenční abstrakty
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Lékařská fakulta

Popis Complex chemical processes called non-enzymatic glycation and glycoxidation taking place in vivo and analogical chemical interactions between sugars and proteins occurring during thermal processing of food (know to the food chemists long ago thanks to the pioneering studies of Louis Camille Maillard almost a century ago) are one of the interesting examples of potentially harmful interaction between nutrition and disease. Non-enzymatic glycation comprise a series of reactions between sugars, a-oxoaldehydes and other sugar derivatives and proteins finally leading - through the early and intermediate stages - to the formation of heterogeneous moieties collectively called Advanced Glycation End-products (AGEs) possessing a wide range of human medicine-related chemical and biological effects. Large body of evidence support causal involvement of glycoxidation and AGEs in the development and/or progression of diabetes-related pathology as wells as several other diseases. Nevertheless, diabetes is of main interest for several reasons: (i) its principal pathogenic feature - chronic hyperglycemia - feeds the substrates for the extra- as well as intracellular glycation, (ii) sustained hyperglycaemia-induced overproduction of superoxide in mitochondrial respiratory chain accelerates AGE formation in the process of glycoxidation, (iii) AGE-modified proteins are subjects of rapid intracellular proteolytic degradation releasing free AGE-adducts into the circulation where they can bind to several pro-inflammatory receptors, especially Receptor of AGEs (RAGE), and, finally, (iv) kidneys are principally involved in the excretion of AGEs and kidney damage (i.e. diabetic nephropathy) is one of the common and unfortunate complications of diabetes further enhancing AGE-toxicity due to diminished AGE clearance. Increased dietary intake of AGEs in highly processed foods by diabetics might thus represent an additional metabolic burden on top of already mentioned alterations. Finally, genetic variability in a class of genes encoding enzymes and receptors involved in either formation or degradation of AGEs (so called "glycoxidation-related genes") is a subject of intense research since an interindividual functional variability in metabolic systems dealing with glycoxidation could have a significant nutrigenomic and nutrigenetic consequences.
Související projekty:

Používáte starou verzi internetového prohlížeče. Doporučujeme aktualizovat Váš prohlížeč na nejnovější verzi.

Další info