Informace o publikaci

Oxygenated and Nitrated Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Ambient Air-Levels, Phase Partitioning, Mass Size Distributions, and Inhalation Bioaccessibility

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LAMMEL Gerhard KITANOVSKI Zoran KUKUČKA Petr NOVÁK Jiří ARANGIO Andrea M. CODLING Garry Paul FILIPPI Alexander HOVORKA Jan KUTA Jan LEONI Cecilia PŘIBYLOVÁ Petra PROKEŠ Roman SÁŇKA Ondřej SHAHPOURY Pourya TONG Haijie WIETZORECK Marco

Rok publikování 2020
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Citace
www https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.est.9b06820
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b06820
Klíčová slova PERSISTENT FREE-RADICALS; NITRO-PAHS; ORGANIC-COMPOUNDS; ATMOSPHERIC CONCENTRATIONS; SOURCE APPORTIONMENT; HEALTH IMPLICATIONS; PARTICULATE MATTER; AEROSOL-PARTICLES; CENTRAL-EUROPE; CANCER-RISK
Popis Among the nitrated and oxygenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (NPAHs and OPAHs) are some of the most hazardous substances to public health, mainly because of their carcinogenicity and oxidative potential. Despite these concerns, the concentrations and fate of NPAHs and OPAHs in the atmospheric environment are largely unknown. Ambient air concentrations of 18 NPAHs, 5 quinones, and 5 other OPAHs were determined at two urban and one regional background sites in central Europe. At one of the urban sites, the total (gas and particulate) concentrations of Sigma(10)OPAHs were 10.0 +/- 9.2 ng/m(3) in winter and 3.5 +/- 1.6 ng/m(3) in summer. The gradient to the regional background site exceeded 1 order of magnitude. Sigma(18)NPAH concentrations were typically 1 order of magnitude lower than OPAHs. Among OPAHs, 9-fluorenone and (9,10)-anthraquinone were the most abundant species, accompanied by benzanthrone in winter. (9,10)-Anthraquinone represented two-thirds of quinones. We found that a large fraction of the target substance particulate mass was carried by submicrometer particles. The derived inhalation bioaccessibility in the PM10 size fraction is found to be approximate to 5% of the total ambient concentration of OPAHs and up to approximate to 2% for NPAHs. For 9-fluorenone and (9,10)-anthraquinone, up to 86 and 18%, respectively, were found at the rural site. Our results indicate that water solubility could function as a limiting factor for bioaccessibility of inhaled particulate NPAHs and OPAHs, without considerable effect of surfactant lipids and proteins in the lung lining fluid.
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